two studies, two competitions

(shuangxue shuangbi huodong)
Social policy
The ‘two studies, two competitions’ activities were formally launched in 1989 as a distinctive Chinese variant of gender and development. The initiative built upon earlier grassroots work of the All-China Women’s Federation in promoting the role of rural women in economic development, especially work to encourage the courtyard economy (tingyuan jingji) conducted in the mid 1980s. The ‘two studies, two competitions’ provided a structure for linking this work of the Women’s Federations with the support and resources of those government departments connected to the rural economy through the institution of ‘two studies, two competitions coordinating groups’ (shaungxue shuangbi xietiao zuzhi) at all levels of government. The goal is to position rural women in the mainstream of rural economic development, to the benefit of both women and economic development.
Literally, the ‘two studies, two competitions’ consist of adult basic education, technical training, competition among local women in achieving economic success and recognition, and competition in making social contributions. As implemented, the core of the programme has been short-term technical training oriented towards the market. A longer-term goal has been improvement in women’s quality, with an initial focus on literacy training and a later focus (from the second five-year phase, beginning in 1994) on technical training. This approach has continued familiar practices of nurturing and promoting models of success, while also assisting less-advantaged women to access training and resources. It departs from earlier initiatives in its use of state structures to promote women’s involvement in the market.
Judd, Ellen (2002). The Chinese Women’s Movement Between State and Market. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
ELLEN R.JUDD

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National University of Advanced Legal Studies — Established 2005 Type National University Chancellor Chief Justice of High Court of Kerala …   Wikipedia

  • Maggie L. Walker Governor's School for Government and International Studies — Address 1000 North Lombardy Street Richmond, Virginia 23220 …   Wikipedia

  • Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies — See also SAIS international campuses in Bologna, Italy and Nanjing, China The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) SAIS Logo Established 1943 Type Private …   Wikipedia

  • Quizbowl — (also known as Quiz Bowl, Scholastic Bowl, Brain Bowl, Academic Team, Academic Varsity Bowl, Academic Challenge, Academic Challenge Bowl, Scholar Quiz Bowl, Academic Quiz Team, Academic League, Academic Bowl, It s Academic, Battle of the Brains,… …   Wikipedia

  • Coláiste Iognáid (Galway) — Coláiste Iognáid Motto Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam Latin, meaning For the greater glory of God. Established 1645 Location Galway, Republic of Ireland Students approximately 600 Principal Mary Joyce Homepage www.cola …   Wikipedia

  • Hogwarts — Not to be confused with Hogwort. Hogwarts School of Witchcraft And Wizardry Harry Potter school …   Wikipedia

  • Messaoud Ould Boulkheir — (Arabic: مسعود ولد بو الخير‎,born 1943, Fara El Kitane Arabic: فرع الكتان‎) is among the first Haratine to become a political leader in Mauritania. Messaoud also contributed significantly to the end of the 1989 events in Mauritania, protecting… …   Wikipedia

  • Amateur theatre — is theatre which is not staged chiefly for financial benefit. Normally, previously published plays are staged, rather than new, unpublished work. This does depend on the progressiveness of the group to take on the challenge of new worksAmateur… …   Wikipedia

  • Space elevator — A space elevator for Earth would consist of a cable anchored to the Earth s equator, reaching into space. By attaching a counterweight at the end (or by further extending the cable upward for the same purpose), the center of mass is kept well… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Sprigg Wootton High School — is a high school in Rockville, Maryland. Its namesake is Thomas Sprigg Wootton, the founder of Montgomery County. The school was founded in 1970 and is part of the Montgomery County Public Schools system. The majority of the students come from… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.